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Plant Assets Definition, Characteristics & Examples Video & Lesson Transcript

Today, plant assets are often referred to as Property, Plant, and Equipment (PP&E). The four main examples of plant assets, or PP&E, are land, equipment, buildings, and improvements. These assets provide considerable value to a company, and they have a long lifespan.

Anything that can be used productively to general sales for the company can fall into this category. Plant assets, also known as fixed assets, are any asset directly involved in revenue generation with a useful life greater than one year. Named during the industrial revolution, plant assets are no longer limited to factory or manufacturing equipment but also include any asset used in revenue production. The amount of a long-term asset’s cost that has been allocated, since the time that the asset was acquired. Also referred to as PPE (property, plant, and equipment), these are purchased for continued and long-term use in earning profit in a business. They are written off against profits over their anticipated life by charging depreciation expenses (with exception of land assets).

In the financial world, everything that a firm has and uses in production is called assets. Unless the lease expires (which would cause the ownership of said improvements to revert to the owner of the building), you get to count those improvements towards your plant assets as well. Tom’s Machine Shop is a factory that machines fine art printing presses. what is plant asset One of the CNC machines broke down and Tom purchases a new machine for $100,000. The bookkeeper would record the transaction by debiting the plant assets account for $100,000 and crediting the cash account for the same. A plant asset is an asset with a useful life of more than one year that is used in producing revenues in a business’s operations.

Plant assets and the related accumulated depreciation are reported on a company’s balance sheet in the noncurrent asset section entitled property, plant and equipment. This can help provide accurate financial information if the market for plant assets is unusually volatile. When a plant asset is acquired by a company that is expected to last longer than one year, it is recorded in the balance sheet at the end of the financial year. Besides, a part of the asset’s cost is charged to expenses account as a non-cash expense, depreciation. Remember that plant assets are those parts of a company that serve the firm, are not employees, and can last for more than a year.

In this case, the lessor gets ownership over improvements at the end of a leasehold improvement. The lessee gets to count the improvement value for the duration of the lease term. Tangibility usefulness which means ease of use, means for generating income for the business to produce profits, and length of the asset’s lifetime. In cases where this is not possible and the cost of moving is substantial, it is capitalized and depreciated appropriately over the period during which it makes a contribution to operations.

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As for buildings, per IRS rules, non-residential buildings can be depreciated over 39 years using the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) method of depreciation. In the end, be careful to distinguish between asset types both on the balance sheet and in practice. Founded in 1993, The Motley Fool is a financial services company dedicated to making the world smarter, happier, and richer. Each of these types is classified as a depreciable asset since its value to the company and capacity to generate income diminishes during the asset’s useful life. Land can be purchased by a start-up company for a single site, but a bigger company can possess several types of land that serve diverse functions for the company and its subsidiaries.

  1. The other non-fixed assets can be sold or consumed relatively quickly because they are used for short term projects in a business.
  2. The resources are sometimes owned by the company and sometimes borrowed by external parties.
  3. Plant assets are fixed, long-term assets that are illiquid which means they are difficult to turn to cash.
  4. Specifically, it comes under the “Property, Plant, and Equipment” category.

Plant assets are frequently among the most useful and financially supportive assets. Over time, plant assets lose value, and this decline refers to depreciation. Companies depreciate an asset by dividing its purchase cost throughout its useful life, i.e., until the asset benefits the company.

Current assets versus plant assets: What’s the difference?

Specifically, these assets include all the machines, computers, buildings, and even land owned and used by the company. Plant assets are a group of assets used in an industrial process, such as a foundry, factory, or workshop. These assets are a subset of the fixed assets classification, which includes such other asset types as vehicles, office equipment, and intangible assets.

Presentation of Plant Assets

The Sum of Years’ Digits depreciation method divided the depreciation expenses every year by a fraction based on the number of remaining years. The depreciation expense in this method is calculated by subtracting the residual value of an asset from the cost and dividing the remainder by a number of years(useful life). The straight-line method’s illustration has been given in the above example. The straight-line method is the most commonly used method in most business entities. It is also called a fixed-installment method, as equal amounts of depreciation are charged every year over the useful life of an asset. Plant asset examples can be anything categorized as land, machines, structures, and improvements.

Some accountants treat all cash discounts as financial or other revenue, regardless of whether they arise from the payment of invoices for merchandise or plant assets. Others take the position that only the net amount paid for plant assets should be capitalized on the basis that the discount represents a reduction of price and is not income. The latter position seems more logical in light of the fact that plant assets are purchased for use and not for sale and that they are written off to expense over a long period of time.

What are Plant Assets? Definition, Examples, Management

If the discount is taken, it should be considered a reduction in the asset cost. In a deferred payment situation, there is an implicit (or explicit) interest cost involved, and the accountant should be careful not to include this amount in the cost of the asset. (e) Lump sum or basket purchase—sometimes a group of assets are acquired for a single lump sum.

What is a double-declining depreciation?

Over time, plant asset values are also reduced by depreciation on the balance sheet. Therefore, the first few years of the assets are charged to higher depreciation expenses. The later years are charged a lower sum of depreciation based on the assumption that lower revenue is generated. The second method of deprecation is the declining balance method or written down value method.

However, the accountant must also be concerned with whether the exchange has commercial substance and whether monetary consideration is involved in the transaction. The commercial substance issue rests on whether the expected cash flows on the assets involved are significantly different. In addition, monetary consideration may affect the amount of gain recognized on the exchange under consideration. Some fixed assets’ fair values can be extremely variable, needing revaluations as often as once a year. Revaluations every three to five years are permissible in most other circumstances, according to IFRS. Buildings that can be used as a plant asset aren’t limited to offices.

How Are Plant Assets Accounted For?

“What is a plant asset?” There are numerous plant assets examples that can be found on a business’s PP&E balance sheet. The most common examples are land, equipment and machines, buildings, and capital improvements. The name plant assets comes from the industrial revolution era where factories and plants were one of the most common businesses. This category of assets is not limited to factory equipment, machinery, and buildings though.

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