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1 NZD to USD New Zealand Dollars to US Dollars Exchange Rate

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  1. Since 2006, there have been no coins under the value of five cents and the value of cash transactions are rounded.
  2. The obverse side of each coin is imprinted with an image of Queen Elizabeth II.
  3. So as the number of visitors to New Zealand rises, the economy does well and the currency appreciates.
  4. The NZD is affectionately referred to as the ‘Kiwi,’ in honor of a flightless bird called a kiwi, which is pictured on one side of the country’s $1 coin.
  5. Federal Reserve (Fed) will affect the value of these currencies when compared to each other.
  6. NZD also sees use in the Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and the Pitcairn Islands.

New Zealand bill denominations include $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100. The New Zealand dollar contributes greatly to the total global exchange market—far in excess of New Zealand’s relative share of population or global GDP. Other factors affecting the NZD are dairy prices and tourism numbers. New Zealand is one of the world’s biggest exporters of whole milk powder.

New Zealand Currency Banknotes

Such trades are for risk-seeking investors and tend to be closed out when investors become risk averse. Evidence of this was prevalent during the 2008 financial crisis when the NZD fell close to 50% against the Japanese yen. As volatility rose, investors unwound these carry trades, and the NZD was one of many high-yielding currencies that fell during 2008 and 2009.

New Zealand Currency and the Carry Trade

This means that if milk prices are on the rise the New Zealand economy is likely to be doing well, which will push up the currency. Since 1999, the New Zealand government has produced polymer or plastic versions of the New Zealand volatility of bond prices in the secondary market dollar, which has made the note more secure against counterfeiting. In addition, the new polymer composition has increased the longevity of the note. Investopedia does not provide tax, investment, or financial services and advice.

The New Zealand Dollar was initially pegged to the US Dollar at a rate of 1.62 USD to 1 NZD. The peg rate changed multiple times until 1985, when the currency began to freely float in the market. In 1999, a new design for the New Zealand Dollar was released in an attempt to modernize, with the new bills being made of polymer. Since 2006, there have been no coins under the value of five cents and the value of cash transactions are rounded.

Although sometimes denoted as NZ$, the kiwi dollar is more commonly shown with a simple $ sign. It floated on March 4, 1985, at an initial exchange rate of 44 cents against the U.S. dollar. The financial markets have since determined the currency’s value with the unit typically ranging between 39 and 88 cents against the greenback. The foreign exchange designation for the New Zealand dollar is NZD.

The changeover period started on 31 July 2006, with the old coins usable until 31 October 2006.[19] The old 50c, 20c, 10c and 5c pieces are now no longer legal tender, but are still redeemable at the Reserve Bank. The New Zealand dollar is considered a carry-trade currency in that it is relatively high-yielding so investors will often buy the NZD and fund it with a lower-yielding currency such as the Japanese yen or the Swiss franc. It is estimated that the polymer note lasts four times longer than regular linen or paper notes. Interestingly, the polymer note can go through a washing machine without suffering any material damage. In 2016, the currency had its most recent update, with even more bright colors and updated security features. These are the average exchange rates of these two currencies for the last 30 and 90 days.

However, overall, NZD is considered a stable currency due to the strength of the New Zealand economy and its outlook. Tourism is a strong economic driving force for New Zealand, so when tourism is doing well in the country, the currency will tend to be stronger. Other economic factors, such as growth rate, GDP, unemployment, and inflation are strong and, therefore, lead to a strong currency. In 1934, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand was established, becoming the only supplier of banknotes. The original notes had a variety of designs, including that of a kiwi, the nation’s Coat of Arms, Maori King Tawhiao, and Fiordland’s Mitre Peak.

Xe International Money Transfer

The NZD is affectionately referred to as the ‘Kiwi,’ in honor of a flightless bird called a kiwi, which is pictured on one side of the country’s $1 coin. Create a chart for any currency pair in the world to see their currency history. These currency charts use live mid-market rates, are easy to use, and are very reliable. Agriculture is a major factor in the New Zealand economy; more than two-thirds of the exports are agricultural.

But the New Zealand carry trade has become much less appealing as the RBNZ has aggressively reduced interest rates to combat slowing economic growth and subdued inflation. Leveraged trading in foreign currency or off-exchange products on margin carries significant risk and may not be suitable for all investors. We advise you to carefully consider whether trading is appropriate for you based on your personal circumstances.

It took another 30 years before the Reserve Bank replaced the currency of pounds, shillings, and pence with actual dollars and cents. In the year 1967 alone, the Bank printed 27 million new banknotes and 165 million new coins. In fact, during the 1800s, New Zealand used its coins and banknotes before British currency was even legal currency. However, nothing was made official until 1933, when New Zealand issued their first official coins, based on the British pound, shilling, and pence.

For this reason, the interest rate differential between the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) and the Federal Reserve (Fed) will affect the value of these currencies when compared to each other. The first coins had pictures of the native birds of New Zealand on the “tails” side, a tradition that has continued, with the British monarch on the head side. The Xe Rate Alerts will let you know when the rate you need is triggered on your selected currency pairs. Gross domestic product is a measurement of the value derived from a country’s production of goods and services over a specific period. Tourism accounted for about 3% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) in March 2022, a decrease from 5.5% before the COVID-19 pandemic.

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