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U S. banking concerns: What experts are saying about your money’s safety

what is happening to banks

The broader market was holding up better as expectations built that the all the chaos means the Fed would have to take it easier on its economy-rattling hikes to interest rates. Since then, banks have been ordered to hold more capital and regulations around risk have been tightened. So most experts believe the impact of these current troubles will be contained. There doesn’t appear to be the same system-wide problem that there was in 2008, when banks around the world suddenly found they were exposed to rotten investments in the US housing market. In the UK, that means £85,000 per person, per institution is protected (or £170,000 in a joint account). So, if you have £85,000 in one bank, and another £85,000 in a separately licensed bank, then it is all safe if both went bust, under the Financial Services Compensation Scheme.

Regulators on Friday closed Silicon Valley Bank as investors withdrew billions of dollars from the bank in a matter of hours, marking the second-largest U.S. bank failure behind the 2008 failure of Washington Mutual. They also announced Sunday that New York-based Signature Bank was being seized after it became the third-largest bank to fail in U.S. history. Bank deposits according to central bank statistics, it had a large role in financing technology and biotech startups that the British government is counting on to fuel economic growth. Bank stocks fell Monday on worries about what may be next to topple following the second- and third-largest bank failures in U.S. history. But much of the rest of the market rose on hopes the bloodletting will force the Federal Reserve to take it easier on its economy-rattling hikes to interest rates.

In 2008, irresponsible lending fueled a widespread housing bubble and when borrowers defaulted on their mortgages, the country’s biggest banks were left with trillions of dollars in nearly worthless investments. However, if you have more than $250,000 in deposits at any one bank, you may want to reach out to a private banker at your institution or split it into accounts at different banks, she advised. Further, “many banks are seeing large withdrawals from cash depositors who are looking [for higher rates] to make more money,” Francis added. Once Silicon Valley revealed its huge loss on Wednesday, the tech industry panicked, and start-ups rushed to pull out their money, resulting in a bank run.

  1. The rise of technology, in turn, is likely to bring about changes to procedures and regulations across the financial sector.
  2. Here, experts answer what a bank run is, how FDIC insurance works and whether your deposits are still secure.
  3. The worries spread, taking down Signature Bank a few days later and eventually First Republic.

One of the biggest trends is going to be open banking/open finance powered by open APIs, enabling third-party providers to have open data access from both banks and non-banks. This will provide an improved customer experience, new revenue streams and a sustainable service model for underserved markets. But not all of Silicon Valley Bank’s problems are linked to rising interest rates. The bank also had a significant number of big, uninsured depositors — the kind of investors who tend to withdraw their money during signs of turbulence.

First Republic becomes the latest bank to be rescued, this time by its rivals

Brad Hargreaves, a startup founder who previously served on boards of companies that did business with SVB, said the bank was unusual in that often played a dual role as corporate and personal lender to CEOs. Regulators’ intervention midday Friday spooked investors and reversed a short-lived recovery in the broader market, with the Dow Jones index down 1.3% in afternoon trading, the S&P down 1.7%, and the tech-heavy Nasdaq down more than 2%. “Yes, funding is a headwind for the industry,” they acknowledged, but emphasized that they didn’t believe at the time that there was a liquidity crunch facing the banking sector. Founded in 1983, the bank grew to become the 16th-largest in the U.S, with $210 billion in assets. Over the years, according to reports, its client list grew to include some of the biggest names in consumer tech like Airbnb, Cisco, Fitbit, Pinterest and Square. The move caused a wider sell-off in stocks and sparked fears that other banks may be at risk of failure.

“Another alternative is to move some to a brokerage account and use mutual funds that are invested in government-backed securities,” she added. Some Treasury bills, or T-bills, are now paying 5% after a series of rate hikes from the Fed. Banks are covered by the FDIC, which insures your money for up to $250,000 per depositor, per account ownership category. In a moment of panic, customers would literally run to the bank, Philipson explained.

Silicon Valley Bank provided banking services to nearly half the country’s venture capital-backed technology and life-science companies, according to its website, and to more than 2,500 venture capital firms. “This situation is something to keep an eye on, but it is not the start of the next financial crisis,” Brad McMillan, chief investment officer for Commonwealth Financial Network said in a note, pointing to the government’s swift and aggressive action. “The events of the last few days are likely to worsen the funding cost pressure that the industry was already facing,” they said in a report. “No bank is immune, but this pressure will likely be most pronounced among banks with a larger mix of rate sensitive customers.”

Why Banks Are Suddenly Closing Down Customer Accounts

Many startup executives whose companies banked with SVB are now also likely facing a payroll crisis, Hargreaves said, because the FDIC is authorized to release only insured deposits of up to $250,000. That heightens the risk that these companies could announce furloughs or layoffs of dozens or even hundreds of employees, he said. According to the FDIC, this is the second-largest bank failure in U.S. history, behind the collapse of Washington Mutual in September 2008. Last year, all of the largest banks passed, but Moody’s said that new concerns are surfacing. On Monday, the ratings agency cut its view on the entire banking system to negative from stable. Those institutions are in a stronger position now because of new rules imposed after the financial crisis, including higher capital requirements and annual stress tests.

That sent share prices plummeting to an all-time low for the second consecutive day. After SVB’s collapse, another bank, New York-based Signature Bank, followed. The Biden administration then announced it was taking extreme emergency measures to prevent a total crisis. The FDIC said it is now working to determine what portion of SVB deposits are insured to its $250,000 limits. If you have a loan with the bank, you still need to make your payments. Before the shutdown, some banking analysts dismissed concerns about a potential “contagion” stemming from SVB’s problems that could unsteady the banking sector — though without ruling out the possibility that the bank could fail.

what is happening to banks

And because electronic transactions are made at high speed, bank runs are faster than ever — in the case of SVB, it was a dizzying 48 hours. Regulators trying to stem panic among customers shut down Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank within days. In the process, banks are evicting what appear to be an increasing number of individuals, families and small-business owners. Often, they don’t have the faintest idea why their banks turned against them. Some investors are calling for the Fed to make emergency cuts to interest rates soon to stanch the bleeding.

The two-year yield, which moves more on expectations for the Fed, had an even more breathtaking drop. “So far, it seems that the potential problem banks are few, and importantly do not extend to the so-called systemically important banks,” analysts at ING said. “If the bank is taken over by FDIC, the people running the bank should not work there anymore,” he said. Biden also wanted taxpayers to know they would not be bailing out the bank’s management or investors.

Why did Silicon Valley Bank fail?

In London, the government arranged the sale of Silicon Valley Bank UK Ltd., the California bank’s British arm, for the nominal sum of one British pound, or roughly $1.20. That latter effect is one of the reasons for the worries about the banking system. The Fed began hiking interest rates almost exactly a year ago, and it’s instituted the sharpest flurry in decades. Its key overnight rate is now at a range of 4.50% to 4.75%, up from virtually zero.

Department of the Treasury moved quickly to prevent a broader contagion. However, the unexpected shutdowns of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank have many consumers concerned about their deposits, their bank and the U.S. banking system. This meant that Silicon Valley Bank was left in the lurch when the Federal Reserve, looking to combat rapid inflation, started raising interest rates. Those once-safe investments looked a lot less attractive as newer government bonds kicked off more interest. Bank customers get a letter in the mail saying their institution is closing all of their checking and savings accounts.

More than a dozen regional banks had their trading halted Monday after prices continued to free fall following the seizure by regulators of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and New York’s Signature Bank. The most pressure is on the regional banks one or two steps below in size of the massive, “too-big-to-fail” banks that helped take down the economy in 2007 and 2008. Shares of First Republic plunged 66.3%, even after the bank said Sunday it had strengthened its finances with cash from the Federal Reserve and JPMorgan Chase. Politicians, including the UK prime minister, and central banks, say the situation is now stable. The news is full of emergency meetings, central banks offering credit lifelines and tumbling bank shares.

Is this a banking crisis like 2008?

On Friday, Silicon Valley Bank, a lender to some of the biggest names in the technology world, became the largest bank to fail since the 2008 financial crisis. By Sunday night, regulators had abruptly shut down Signature Bank to prevent a crisis in the broader banking system. The banks’ swift closures have sent shock waves through the tech industry, Washington and Wall Street. The banking industry is going to see a lot of changes in the way customers are served.

Vulnerable Bank Accounts

Analysts at Bank of America said they “expect regional bank stock volatility to remain challenging in the short run as investors recalibrate the risk-reward” in the coming days. Huge banks, which have been repeatedly stress-tested by regulators following the 2008 financial crisis, weren’t down as much. The U.S. government announced a plan late Sunday meant to shore up the banking industry following the collapses of Silicon Valley Bank and Signature Bank since Friday. The sharpest drops were again coming from banks and other financial companies.

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